|BRIDGE THE GAP|
|Bridging the gender gap will have huge economic impact and could add Rs 46 lakh crore |
to India’s gross domestic product (GDP) in 2025, says a report by the McKinsey
Global Institute (MGI).
The report said about 70 per cent rise in GDP would come from
raising India’s women labour-force participation rate
MGI has developed a Gender Parity Score that uses the 15 indicators to measure the
progress each country has achieved on gender parity in society and the economy
The report said gender disparity was high on three dimensions — gender equality in work,
legal protection and political voice, and physical security and autonomy
The report found a huge variation in gender equality among India’s 32 states
India’s share of women’s contribution to GDP is at 17 per cent, much lower than the global
average of 37 per cent
India would gain the most with Rs 190.2 lakh crore added to annual GDP in 2025, 60 per
cent higher than business-as-usual
The economic boost would translate to 1.4 per cent a year incremental GDP growth for
India. This would bring 68 million more women into the economy over this period, the
Wednesday, 4 November 2015
Index of Industrial Production (IIP) measures the quantum of changes in the industrial production in an economy and captures the general level of industrial activity in the country.It is an index for India which details out the growth of various sectors in an economy such as mining, electricity and manufacturing. with respect to the base period(2004).
(CPI) Consumer Price Index in India
CPI is a measure of change inetail prices of goods and services consumed by defined population group in a given area with reference to a base year.The consumer price index number measures changes only in one of the factors- prices.
Project Loon has major positive ramifications for India since only less that 20% of the India’s 1.2 bn plus population have access to the Internet, in this backdrop, this initiative by Google will jumpstart a new access revolution and will connect the unconnected.
WHAT IS PROJECT LOON?
Many of us think of the Internet as a global community. But two-thirds of the world’s population does not yet have Internet access. Project Loon is a network of balloons traveling on the edge of space, designed to connect people in rural and remote areas, help fill coverage gaps, and bring people back online after disasters.
Project Loon balloons float in the stratosphere, twice as high as airplanes and the weather. In the stratosphere, there are many layers of wind, and each layer of wind varies in direction and speed. Loon balloons go where they’re needed by rising or descending into a layer of wind blowing in the desired direction of travel. By partnering with Telecommunications companies to share cellular spectrum we’ve enabled people to connect to the balloon network directly from their phones and other LTE-enabled devices. The signal is then passed across the balloon network and back down to the global Internet on Earth.
WHERE LOON HAS BEEN
WHERE LOON HAS BEEN
Project Loon began in June 2013 with an experimental pilot in New Zealand, where a small group of Project Loon pioneers tested Loon technology. The results of the pilot test, as well as subsequent tests in New Zealand, California’s Central Valley and in Northeast Brazil, are being used to improve the technology in preparation for the next stages of the project.
HOW LOON FLIES
- NAVIGATING WITH THE WIND
Project Loon balloons travel approximately 20 km above the Earth’s surface in the stratosphere. Winds in the stratosphere are stratified, and each layer of wind varies in speed and direction. Project Loon uses software algorithms to determine where its balloons need to go, then moves each one into a layer of wind blowing in the right direction. By moving with the wind, the balloons can be arranged to form one large communications network.
Situated on the edge of space, between 10 km and 60 km in altitude, the stratosphere presents unique engineering challenges: air pressure is 1% that at sea level, and this thin atmosphere offers less protection from UV radiation and dramatic temperature swings, which can reach as low as -80°C. By carefully designing the balloon envelope to withstand these conditions, Project Loon is able to take advantage of the stratosphere’s steady winds and remain well above weather events, wildlife and airplanes.
HOW LOON IS DESIGNED
The inflatable part of the balloon is called a balloon envelope. A well-made balloon envelope is critical for allowing a balloon to last around 100 days in the stratosphere. Loon’s balloon envelopes are made from sheets of polyethylene plastic, and they measure fifteen meters wide by twelve meters tall when fully inflated. When a balloon is ready to be taken out of service, gas is released from the envelope to bring the balloon down to Earth in a controlled descent. In the unlikely event that a balloon drops too quickly, a parachute attached to the top of the envelope is deployed.
Each balloon’s electronics are powered by an array of solar panels. The solar array is a flexible plastic laminate supported by a light-weight aluminum frame. It uses high efficiency monocrystalline solar cells. The solar array is mounted at a steep angle to effectively capture sunlight on short winter days at higher latitudes. The array is divided into two sections facing in opposite directions, allowing us to capture energy in any orientation as the balloons spin slowly in the wind. The panels produce approximately 100 Watts of power in full sun, which is enough to keep Loon’s electronics running while also charging a battery for use at night. By moving with the wind and charging in the sun, Project Loon is able to power itself using entirely renewable energy sources.
A small box containing the balloon’s electonics hangs underneath the inflated envelope, like the basket carried by a hot air balloon. This box contains circuit boards that control the system, radio antennas to communicate with other balloons and with Internet antennas on the ground, and lithium ion batteries to store solar power so the balloons can operate throughout the night
HOW LOON CONNECTS
Each balloon can provide connectivity to a ground area about 80 km in diameter using a wireless communications technology called LTE. To use LTE, Project Loon partners with telecommunications companies to share cellular spectrum so that people will be able to access the Internet everywhere directly from their phones and other LTE-enabled devices. Balloons relay wireless traffic from cell phones and other devices back to the global Internet using high-speed links.